East India Organization
EAST INDIA COMPANY (EIC) Ahead of the Mughal Empire went into fall the Europeans were casting curious sight on India's wealth: The Portuguese experienced established a base in Goa (1560) but it was the Uk how were most determined to establish trading bases in India. In 1600 Full Elizabeth I actually granted agreement to set up the East India Company. The British federal government did not distribute its own journey to carry out its own trading rather it provided permission to an audience of individuals to do so. The Government do however ensure that this group operated in a manner that was suitable to the federal government. The EIC was given the Monopoly to trade among Britain and new areas east of Africa: that meant that simply no other British Company can trade in this area, The merchants had been hoping to enter the spice trade inside the East Indies (Indonesia), nevertheless the Dutch got already gained control of the spice trade and may not let any other European electrical power share that. So the EIC turned to India as an alternative. That they first landed in Surat (1608) and it was in 1612 that they were allowed to begin trading when Shah Jehan (Governor of Gujarat) granted permission to operate, after Jahangir's death. EIC Influence increases: The British influence in India grew slowly. Initially the EIC had just a few bases within the Indian coastline but by latter half of the seventeenth 100 years hah set up their hq in Bombay (1662) and a trading post in Calcutta (1690). The EIC even acquired the audacity to go to battle with Aurengzeb in 1686. Who defeated the EICвЂs forces to make them pay a heavy great. But the EIC were easier in fighting other European nations who have wanted a chance to share in the highly rewarding Indian transact. During the seventeenth century the two Portuguese as well as the Dutch had been defeated, but the main rivalry came from the French. They had create their trading company in 1664 and soon came in conflict while using EIC however the military expertise of Robert Clive allowed the EIC to beat the French and took good thing about India's pending conditions to boost and affect. EIC started to expand it is forces to make local Of india princes acknowledge authority and parts of India set up its own governments. English Gains Control 1 . The Battle of Plessey In 1756 the French encouraged the Nawab of Bengal Siraj-ud-daula to strike the EIC base for Calcutta. This individual captured metropolis, but was struggling to keep control from it. In 1757 Clive showed up with EIC soldiers and defeated Siraj-udd-daula's troops in the Battle of Plassey. Clive's victory was made easy by the treachery of Siraj-udd-daula's general Mir Jafar. The EIC rewarded him by making him the Nawab of Bengal. Thus one of the India's wealthiest provinces chop down under British control. Meiner wenigkeit Jafar was forced to give the company products of land and cash to make a few of the EIC officials very rich. 2 . Battle of Buxar In 1764 Mir Jafar's son Meiner wenigkeit Qasim joined forces with all the Nawab of Oudh and the Mughal Chief Shah Alam II to drive the EIC out of Bengal. We were holding unsuccessful after their eliminate in the Battle of Buxar the Uk influence basically increased. The EIC at this point took control over the income collection in Bengal, Bihar and Orissa and also prolonged its influence into Oudh. 3. Bengal Exploited The EIC had been...
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